Охота на вальдшнепа

Вальдшнеп относится к отряду куликов. Это перелётная птица. Прилетающие после зимовки на Средиземном море, в Индии, на Цейлоне, в Китае вальдшнепы расселяются по всей территории России вплоть до Сибири. Свои гнёзда вальдшнепы строят в густых влажных местах, по оврагам и логам, где протекают ручейки, бьют ключи, среди лозняка и кустарников. Токовать эти птицы начинают после того, как наступает устойчиво тёплая погода. Молодь вальдшнепов подрастает к середине сентября и птицы перебираются из своих укрытий к опушкам, в пролески, на огороды, в дубовые и осиновые заросли. Этот период называется высыпками.

Первая разрешённая охота на вальдшнепов — охота на тяге. Она начинается во второй декаде апреля, в Сибири — позже, в первых числах мая. Особенно много вальдшнепов в этот период в березняках с примесью осины и ели, в местах довольно влажных и заболоченных. Перелетающих птиц можно видеть перед самым рассветом или сразу после захода солнца, причём вечерняя тяга длится несколько дольше, чем утренняя. При этих перелётах вальдшнепы издают характерные звуки, причём самки и throwback jerseys самцы кричат по-разному.

Охота на вальдшнепа 2Для охоты нужно прийти к месту тяги за полчаса до её начала и выбрать удобное место, откуда хорошо видно перелетающих птиц и остаться незаметным для них. Можно встать у ёлки или возле кустов и не шевелиться. Лучше расположиться подальше от крупного леса, поближе к опушкам или вдоль оврагов, заросших кустами. Наибольшее количество вальдшнепов наблюдается в ясные тихие вечера, чуть меньше в пасмурную погоду. Хуже всего они летят в морозную погоду, а если ещё и ветрено, то тяга совсем плохая.

Осенью начинается охота на вальдшнепов на высыпках. Начало такой охоты приходится на первую половину сентября. Больше всего вальдшнепов в этот период встречается в мелком дубняке, перемежающимся с осинками, ольхой, кустарниками. Почва в таких местах довольно мягкая, богатая кормом — различными насекомыми и червями. Встречаются вальдшнепы и в заброшенных садах, и на песчаных буграх, поросших соснами и мелкими кустарниками.

Охотники в это время любят охотиться с легавой. Не каждая собака хорошо работает по этой птице, она должна иметь отличное чутьё и выдержку. К тому же, чтобы подстрелить быстро взлетающих среди деревьев вальдшнепов, охотник должен иметь сноровку и особые навыки, он должен в совершенстве стрелять навскидку.

Охота на вальдшнепа 3Чтобы охота оказалось удачной надо хорошо знать места вальдшнепиных высыпок или идти на охоту с опытным охотником. Охотясь вдвоём, один охотник с собакой должен идти по загущенным местам, а второй, наоборот, по самой опушке. Вылетающие из чащи на опушку птицы, которых напугала собака, попадают под выстрел второго охотника.

Ещё один способ охоты на вальдшнепов — так называемая охота на грязи. В конце лета, в августе вальдшнепы часто вылетают на воду купаться. Местами для купания они выбирают лужи, небольшие чистые озерки, отмели. Больше всего прилетают на воду вальдшнепы тихими вечерами. Охотник должен прийти заранее к выбранному месту и устроить там засидку. Стрелять нужно начинать, когда на купание прилетит несколько птиц. Для помощи в сборе добычи хорошо взять с собой выученную, дисциплинированную собаку, которая должна тихо сидеть возле охотника, пока он не закончил стрельбу.

 

 

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