Выбираем лодочный мотор для охоты, рыбалки и активного туризма

Выбираем лодочный мотор для охоты, рыбалки и активного туризмаВ условиях большого разнообразия на модельном рынке техники становится все сложнее понять, какой мотор для лодки станет настоящей находкой для истинного ценителя.

Появляется множество новых моделей с различными характеристиками и внешним видом. При такой вариантности легко растеряться даже самому опытному знатоку. Мы попробуем обратить ваше внимание на основные факторы, которые стоит брать во внимание при выборе хорошего двигателя для вашей лотки.
Вид мотора

Двухтактный. Спрос на этот вид мотора самый большой. К его характеристикам (плюсам) нужно отнести:

  • простая конструкция;
  • быстрое набратие оборотов;
  • по сравнению с четырёхтактном имеет меньший вес и размер;
  • прост в ремонте;
  • приемлемая ценовая политика.

Минусы мотора:

  • большой расход топлива;
  • требует частой доливки масла;
  • создает большей шум и вибрацию во время работы;
  • оставляет токсичные выхлопы.

На заметку! Чтобы двухкратный двигатель хорошо работал, необходимо пользоваться только специальным топливом и масло. Не рекомендуется даже смешивать 92 или же 95 бензин с маслом. Не всегда можно угадать с правильными порциями.

Четырехкратный. Спрос на этот вид двигателя намного меньше. Что касается его характеристики, то к плюсам можно отнести:

  • более экономный;
  • гарантирует плавный ход;
  • умеренная вибрация и шум;
  • более чистый выхлоп;
  • не требует постоянного контроля уровня масла.

Минусам:

  • сложнее в конструкции;
  • стоит дороже двухкратного;
  • большие габариты и вес.

Электрический. Немного своеобразный в своих характеристиках, но тоже держит марку на рынке продаж. Касательно характеристики, стоит отдельно выделить положительные его качества и отрицательные. Такой мотор — хороший вариант для рыбаков.

Плюсы:

  • небольшой вес;
  • умеренная стоимость;
  • не производит шума;
  • прост в использовании;
  • экологичен.

Минусы:

  • небольшая мощность (только до 10 л.с.);
  • от емкости аккумулятора зависит запас хода;
  • установить можно только на лотках малого размера;

На заметку! Лучше всего использовать тяговые специальные аккумуляторы глубокой разрядки для лодочного электромотора. Они помогают обеспечить током двигатель на длинный период. Стартовые же аккумуляторы способны дать ток лишь на короткий отрезок времени.
Тип двигателя.

Карбюраторный. Самый распространенный вариант двигателя. Эго спокойно можно вписать в рубрику классики.

Минусы:

  • повышенный расход топлива;
  • токсичные выхлопы.

Инжекторный. Обладает лучшими данными.

Плюсы:

  • не требует больших экономических затрат;
  • экологически чистый;
  • более уверенный разгон;
  • комфортное управление.

Минусы:

  • стоит дороже карбюраторного.

Мощность.

От этой характеристики вашего двигателя зависит, какую максимальную скорость сможет набрать судно. Мощность определяется отдельными характеристиками: тип двигателя, объем и количество его цилиндров.

Например, оптимальная мощность двигателя для рыбаков составляет 2-5 л.с., любителям скорости подойдет мощность в 30 л.с.

2-4 л.с. – двухтактные двигатели.Они предназначенные для надувных лодок, байдарок небольшого Cheap Jordan Sale размера и парусных судов с длиной до 2 метров;
5-8 л.с. – универсальный вариант. Используется для средних судов с длиной до 4 метров (и не более двух пассажиров);
9-18 л.с. – вариант посложнее. Устанавливаются в лодках с длиной 5-7,5 метров;
20-35 л.с. – сложная конструкция двигателя. Встречается у больших лодок и парусников. На них можно перевозить как предельные грузы, так и пассажиров.

Количество цилиндров.

От этого параметра на прямую зависит мощность вашего двигателя. Также количество цилиндров влияет на нагрев поршневой группы и равномерность хода крутильного вала.

Выделяют:

  • одноцилиндровые двигатели (2-6 л.с.). Такие двигатели издают большой шум и производят сильную вибрацию. Набирают максимальную скорость до 5-10 км/ч. Это оптимальный вариант для катания на спокойных водоемах
  • двухцилиндровые двигатели (8-15 л.с.). Работа таких двигателей характеризуется меньшим количеством шума, но, вместе с тем, и большим расходом топлива. Достигают скорости до 30 км/ч. Подходит для плавания на длинные дистанции

Топливный бак.

  • Внутренний. Имеют двигатели с небольшой мощностью.
  • Внешний. Встречаются в моторах с большой мощностью двигателя.
    Управление.

Для начала нужно сказать, что оно бывает:

  • румпельное;
  • дистанционное.

Румпельное управление выделяются тем, что работает благодаря специальному рычагу — румпелю. Именно он крепится на двигателе и требует присутствия управляющего на корме.

Минусы:

  • применить такое управление можно только на небольших лодках;
  • недостаточный обзор прямо по курсу.

Дистанционное управление отличается тем, что оно, в свою очередь, производится при помощи специального руля, который расположен в передней части лодки. Управление такой лодкой более удобное и безопасное.

Минусы:

  • используется только в длинных лодках общей протяжностью от 3,5 м и имеющих мощные моторы от 50 л.с.

И в заключение.

Прежде, чем насладиться скоростью и прокатиться “с ветерком” с новым мотором, внимательно ознакомьтесь с инструкцией по его эксплуатации.
Примечание.

Самыми популярными марками моторок для лотки считаются Mercury, Honda, Suzuki, Yamaha, Tohatsu.

С более подробной информацией вы можете ознакомиться в подобных статьях, имеющимся на нашем сайте.

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